Crimes Against Humanity: When Will Indonesia’s Military Be Held Accountable for Deliberate and Systematic Abuses in West Papua?

September 20, 2010

Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment
Eni F.H. Faleomavaega (D-AS), Chairman
Crimes Against Humanity:
When Will Indonesia’s Military Be Held Accountable for Deliberate and Systematic Abuses in West Papua?

You are respectfully requested to attend the following open hearing of the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment to be held in Room 2172 of the Rayburn House Office Building.
Date Wednesday, September 22, 2010
Time 3:00 PM
Location Room 2172 of the Rayburn House Office Building
witnesses Panel I

Mr. Joseph Y. Yun
Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary
Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
U.S. Department of State

Mr. Robert Scher
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for South and Southeast Asia
Asian and Pacific Security Affairs
U.S. Department of Defense

Panel II

Pieter Drooglever, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Institute of Netherlands History

Mr. Octovianus Mote
Founder, West Papua Action Network
President, Papua Resource Center

Mr. Henkie Rumbewas
Australia West Papua Association (AWPA)

Mr. Nicholas Simeone Messet
West Papua

Mr. Salamon Maurits Yumame
Head of FORDEM (The Democratic Forum)

S. Eben Kirksey, Ph.D.
Visiting Assistant Professor
The Graduate Center
The City University of New York

Sophie Richardson, Ph.D.
Asia Advocacy Director
Human Rights Watch
Note Witnesses may be added.

http://www.internationalrelations.house.gov/hearing_notice.asp?id=1204

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50 MEMBERS OF U.S. CONGRESS CALL UPON OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO MAKE WEST PAPUA ONE OF ITS HIGHEST PRIORITIES

August 2, 2010

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Washington, D.C. CONGRESSMAN FALEOMAVAEGA AND CONGRESSMAN PAYNE SPEARHEAD EFFORT IN U.S. CONGRESS CALLING UPON THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO MAKE WEST PAPUA ONE OF ITS HIGHEST PRIORITIES

The Chairman of the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment, Rep. Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, and Chairman Donald M. Payne of the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health have spearheaded an effort in Congress calling upon President Obama to “make West Papua one of the highest priorities of the Administration.”

As a result of their efforts, 50 Members of the U.S. Congress signed a letter to the President stating that there is strong indication that the Indonesian government has committed genocide against the Papuans. West Papua is the half of New Guinea that was invaded by Indonesia in 1962.

While Papuan leaders have repeatedly tried to engage in dialogue with the Indonesian government, dialogues have failed to produce concrete results and Papuan leaders are now calling for an International Dialog. In this context, signatories of the letter have asked President Obama to meet with the people of West Papua during his upcoming trip to Indonesia in November.

Many Members who signed the letter are members of the Congressional Black Caucus. The signatories include men and women who fought for civil rights in America in the 1960s. Younger politicians have also joined this initiative to support the people of West Papua who have suffered long enough.

In addition to the Congressional Black Caucus, many other American leaders who are long-time advocates of human rights joined this request to the President of the United States, including members of the Hispanic Caucus. The last remaining member of the Kennedy family in Congress, Rep. Patrick Kennedy from Rhode Island, also signed the letter to President Obama.

The letter to the President suggests that slow motion genocide has been taking place in West Papua and reviews findings by human rights organizations and scholars who have conducted extensive research about crimes against humanity and genocide by Indonesian security forces. “Genocide is usually difficult to document since leaders are often reluctant to state their intention to destroy another nation, race, or ethnic group,” Members of Congress wrote. “Even still, in 2007 Col. Burhanuddin Siagian, who was then the local regional commander (DANREM) said, ‘If I encounter elements that use government facilities, but still are betraying the nation, I will destroy them.’”

According to international agreements, other nations are legally obligated to intervene when a genocide is in process and Members of Congress remain hopeful that President Obama and the U.S. State Department will hold Indonesia accountable. Members concluded their letter by encouraging the President to meet with the Team of 100 from West Papua during his upcoming visit, noting that President Obama has the opportunity to bring lasting change to this part of the world.

HOWARD L. BERMAN, CALIFORNIA
CHAIRMAN

GARY L. ACKERMAN, NEW YORK
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, AMERICAN SAMOA
DONALD M. PAYNE, NEW JERSEY
BRAD SHERMAN, CALIFORNIA
ELIOT L. ENGEL, NEW YORK
BILL DELAHUNT, MASSACHUSETTS
GREGORY W. MEEKS, NEW YORK
DIANE E. WATSON, CALIFORNIA
RUSS CARNAHAN, MISSOURI
ALBIO SIRES, NEW JERSEY
GERALD E. CONNOLLY, VIRGINIA
MICHAEL E. MCMAHON, NEW YORK
TED DEUTCH, FLORIDA
JOHN S. TANNER, TENNESSEE
GENE GREEN, TEXAS
LYNN WOOLSEY, CALIFORNIA
SHEILA JACKSON LEE, TEXAS
BARBARA LEE, CALIFORNIA
SHELLEY BERKLEY, NEVADA
JOSEPH CROWLEY, NEW YORK
MIKE ROSS, ARKANSAS
BRAD MILLER, NORTH CAROLINA
DAVID SCOTT, GEORGIA
JIM COSTA, CALIFORNIA
KEITH ELLISON, MINNESOTA
GABRIELLE GIFFORDS, ARIZONA
RON KLEIN, FLORIDA

RICHARD J. KESSLER
STAFF DIRECTOR

DOUGLAS J. CAMPBELL
DEPUTY STAFF DIRECTOR

SHANNA WINTERS
GENERAL COUNSEL AND SENIOR POLICY ADVISOR

ONE HUNDRED ELEVENTH CONGRESS
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
WASHINGTON, DC 20515

TELEPHONE: (202) 225-5021
http://WWW.FOREIGNAFFAIRS.HOUSE.GOV/

July 31, 2010

ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, FLORIDA
RANKING REPUBLICAN MEMBER

CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, NEW JERSEY
DAN BURTON, INDIANA
ELTON GALLEGLY, CALIFORNIA
DANA ROHRABACHER, CALIFORNIA
DONALD A. MANZULLO, ILLINOIS
EDWARD R. ROYCE, CALIFORNIA
RON PAUL, TEXAS
JEFF FLAKE, ARIZONA
MIKE PENCE, INDIANA
JOE WILSON, SOUTH CAROLINA
JOHN BOOZMAN, ARKANSAS
J. GRESHAM BARRETT, SOUTH CAROLINA
CONNIE MACK, FLORIDA
JEFF FORTENBERRY, NEBRASKA
MICHAEL T. MCCAUL, TEXAS
TED POE, TEXAS
BOB INGLIS, SOUTH CAROLINA
GUS M. BILIRAKIS, FLORIDA

YLEEM D.S. POBLETE
REPUBLICAN STAFF DIRECTOR

MARK C. GAGE
REPUBLICAN DEPUTY STAFF DIRECTOR AND DIRECTOR, EUROPE AND EURASIAN AFFAIRS

DOUGLAS C. ANDERSON
REPUBLICAN CHIEF COUNSEL

Chairman
Subcommittee on Africa and

–end–

THE LAUNCHING OF THE INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARIANS FOR WEST PAPUA – PNG CHAPTER

November 8, 2009

05 November 2009

ATTENTION ALL MEDIA ORGANISATIONS

MEDIA STATEMENT

THE LAUNCHING OF THE INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARIANS FOR WEST PAPUA – PNG CHAPTER
In light of the Launching of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua in London on 15th October 2008, of which I am a founding member, I am pleased to announce the launching of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua – “The PNG Chapter” on Saturday 07th of November 2009 at the University of Papua New Guinea Botanical Garden.
The International Parliamentarians for West Papua is a concern international Parliamentarian group of legislators who simply want the people of West Papua to exercise the fundamental right to self determination just like all other people of the world because that right belongs to the people of the world.
The main purpose of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua is to advocate for and ensure that our people of West Papua exercise their fundamental rights to self determination, a right recognized globally and enshrined in the United Nations founding Charter and in the preamble of the United Nation Human Rights Charter.
The right to self determination is recognized globally as a fundamental right to be exercise by people of the world. It is also recognized as a preliminary right that must be exercised and enjoyed before one can benefit or achieve other rights such as social, economic or political rights. The right to self determination is therefore a prerequisite or fundamental to all other rights and history shows that the people of West Papua did not exercise that right to date.
The launching of the PNG Chapter is complementary to the efforts of the International Parliamentarians in Europe and USA in recognizing the right of the West Papuan people to self determination, that has been denied from them through the 1969 Act of Free Choice.
The launching of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua – PNG Chapter is a show of support and commitment to the International Community and to the people of West Papua that we stand in solidarity to advocate for self determination for West Papua and by doing so we elevate the plight of the West Papuan People to a new level and hopefully in the United Nations.
The official launching of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua “PNG Chapter” will at the University of Papua New Guinea Botanical Gardens on Saturday 7th November 2009 at 1 o’clock.

Authorized by:

…………………………………….…………
HON. POWES PARKOP LLB LLM, MP
GOVERNOR

OFFICE OF THE REGIONAL MEMBER AND GOVERNOR
OF THE NATIONAL CAPITAL DISTRICT PAPUA NEW GUINEA
NATIONAL PARLIAMENT P O Parliament Haus WAIGANI, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea

INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARIANS FOR WEST PAPUA
LAUNCHING OF THE PNG CHAPTER
7TH NOVEMBER 2009
PORT MORESBY
PAPUA NEW GUINEA

WPNCL CALLS ON THE GOVERNMENT OF INDONESIAN TO DIALOGUE WITH THE PAPUAN PEOPLE

October 10, 2009

WPNCL CALLS ON THE GOVERNMENT OF INDONESIAN TO DIALOGUE WITH THE PAPUAN PEOPLE
West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL) had written twice to the President of the Republic of Indonesian Dr. Haji Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, in 2007 and again in 2008 requesting him to dialogue with the Papuan people. But until now there is still no response from him or his government.
Since its’ establishment WPNCL was committed to the use of peaceful means as the dominant principle to resolve the conflict between the Papuan people and the government of Indonesia. WPNCL considers a mutually beneficial Summit/dialogue with Indonesia the first priority in the process of resolving the issue of West Papua. Such dialogue or Summit must be facilitated by a Third Party or Mediator, endorsed by both parties, the Papuan people and the government of Indonesia.
WPNCL viewed the recent incident involving the arrest and detention of Mr. Jonah Wenda, Spokesman of the Military Council of the West Papuan National Liberation Army (TPN PB) and peace Activist of WPNCL on 6 September 2009 in Klamono/Sorong as a provocative act that could undermine the on going efforts to maintain peace and tolerance in the land of Papua. Mr. Jonah Wenda was transferred to Jayapura for further interrogation then released on … September and placed under house arrest. It is important to keep in mind that peace and tolerance in the land of Papua could be maintained because of the hard work of peace activists of the land including Mr. Jonah Wenda. He had worked tirelessly together with members of WPNCL to make sure that TPN remain committed to peace. WPNCL considers this as confidence boosting effort to pave the way for peace negotiation with the government of Indonesia. After all there must be genuine good will efforts shown by both parties before any negotiation.
Mr. Jonah Wenda and the other peace activists are conducting themselves in the open and known to members of the public. They cannot be considered as a threat to any one. All their activities are manifestations of the undertaking in 2002 where POLDA PAPUA (Regional Police Force of Papua) had agreed to work together with the Papuan Peoples Representative Council (DPRP) and Stakeholder in the Society to maintain peace in the land of Papua. The details of commitment of Stakeholders in the form of Recommendations could be ascertained in the Report of the Peace Conference of the Papuan people held in Jayapura from 15-16 October 2002.
Since that Conference, a Task Force for Peace was established by members of the Civil Society. The main task was to disseminate information and engage Civil Society about the recommendations. The Task Force had also facilitated consultations and reconciliation with groups that potentially could hinder or endangered the peace efforts. It facilitated parallel meetings with different stakeholders in the Society including the different regional commands of TPN.
The Task Force for Peace in Papua had also facilitated combined meetings with Papuans in the country and those in Diaspora. From 16-20 June 2003 a Think Tank Group meeting was held in Utrecht, Netherlands. Some 23 Papuan intellectuals participated. The 3 main agenda items of the meetings were Human Rights and Justice, Development, and Politics. Because of the absence of some important Stakeholders including the TPN it was recommended that another meeting be organized some where closer to West Papua. Such meeting must be inclusive to allow for full participation of Stakeholders of the whole resistance movement.
All these meetings realized the need for workshops tor the purpose of dissemination of the basic recommendations and more importantly to allow for wider participation and input by all sectors who want the realization of peace in West Papua. Two Workshops were facilitated in the country. The first Workshop held in Jayapura on 27 October 2004 recommended that a high level meeting of National leaders must be convened to seriously consider all the criteria and options in the process to resolve the conflict in West Papua. The second workshop held on 20 November 2004 agreed to organize a meeting for the leaders of all the Papuan organizations in the Civil Society. The workshop also discussed technical matters involved including, agenda, venue, participants and cost involved in convening such a meeting.
Considering the recommendations from the workshops many diverse groups in the Civil Society decided to go ahead to convene the proposed National meeting/Summit involving Stakeholders in the country and also in Diaspora. This meeting/Summit was held in Papua New Guinea from 28 November to 1st December 2005. This Summit was able to make a number of interim decisions: The establishment of a National Coordinating body called, West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL). The Summit decided that the Secretariat of WPNCL be based in Port Vila, the Capital of the Republic of Vanuatu. The Summit also decided that concerted efforts must be made to consult widely on unity and maximize consolidation between different factions of the Resistance movement in West Papua. From the invited 28 Resistance organizations only 18 were able to attend. The remaining 10 organizations sent their apologies and endorsed the purpose of the Summit.
Based on the recommendations from the above Summit an important meeting was convened for the Commanders of the West Papuan National Liberation Army, the TPN PB. PNG was also the venue for this meeting which was held from 22-24 July 2006 and was attended by all the regional Commands of TPN. A number of important agreements were made in the meeting including, the duty and function of TPN as a Revolutionary Army that must protect all West Papuans; separation of TPN from the OPM structure, further more the role and responsibility of TPN during the revolution; the formation of TPN Military Council as the highest Coordinating body of TPN; during the same meeting a declaration of commitment by all the Commanders to work together in the efforts to liberate Papuan people and the land of West Papua; urging all the Commanders within the TPN Command to unify their perceptions whether in programming, strategy and action to accomplish the objective of the revolution; acknowledge and respect the universal principles of humanity; endorse the efforts to establish West Papua as land of peace; urging unity between all the resistance groups in West Papua; urging all West Papuans to work together to maintain National unity.
Another follow up meeting by TPN was held at Victoria HQ from 5-7 April 2007. This meeting had reached a number of agreements to merge, Arfai 1965 Command, Marvic Command and Pemka Command into one Command to be known as West Papua National Liberation Army Command. This new Command comes under the responsibility and direct Command of the Military Council of the West Papua National Liberation Army; Henceforth, the Military Council of TPN PB becomes the highest decision making body or Command of TPN PB; confirming a new Command structure and designation of regional Commands for each HQ; the appointment of ranking officers in the Military Council of TPN PB including the other rankings further down the structure of Command. A communiqué was issued at the end of the meeting to declare or affirm the above decisions: a unity process within the rank and file of TPN PB, the merging of Arfai ’65 Command, Marvic Command and Pemka Command into one Command structure. Commitment by all parties within TPN PB to foster bilateral and international cooperation to combat the traffic of narcotics, to stem terrorist networks and above all the creation of a National Command of TPN PB encompassing all regions of West Papua which was divided into 6 Regional Commands.
Next WPNCL convened its Second Summit in Malaysia from 22-25 September 2007. A number of decisions were made here: WPNCL will establish its Secretariat in Port Vila, Vanuatnu; the adoption of Bylaws of WPNCL that also cover rules on the TPN PB and other functions of the Coalition. The Summit established a negotiating team and agreed on the strategy for negotiation with Indonesia through a Third Party. The Summit had also approved the existence and the on going work of the West Papua Peace Working Group that had networks in 4 major regions, Asia, Pacific, America and Europe. Because of the absence of some stakeholders including TPN PB it was decided to have the final Leaders Summit in Vanuatu.
The third and final West Papuan leaders Summit was held in Vanuatu from 2-10 April 2008. This Summit was endorsed by the Government of Vanuatu. The Summit issued a major resolution calling on Indonesia to agree to resolve the West Papuan conflict peacefully through International negotiation facilitated by a Third Party. The Summit also called on the International community to encourage Indonesia to open West Papua for International access by Journalists and other International agencies.
TPN PB has been one of the important supporting pillars of WPNCL. But since its Commander was elected as Chairman of the Coalition during the Summit in Vanuatu the position of Commander became vacant. Unfortunately it is a technical matter and was referred to the Military Council of TPN PB to decide. This matter was resolved when all the Commanders met near the PNG border from 29-31 October 2008. This was also the first National Planning meeting of the new Military Council of TPN PB.
WPNCL had also held its first National Planning meeting near the PNG border from 4-8 April 2009 to finalize its programs with clear directions and targets including one of the options of negotiating with Indonesia through a Third Party facilitation.
To conclude, WPNCL believes the new government of Dr. Haji Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has the commitment to resolve the West Papuan issue. We encourage SBY’s government to establish communication with us as we previously requested in order to commence the process for negotiation. We hope, God willing this will lead to a mutually beneficial result for both our two peoples, Papuans and Indonesians of this generation and those yet to come.
For more details contact, Rex Rumakiek, the Secretary General on +61 414247468
or the Vice Chairman Dr. John Ondawame on +678 439759026 or the Vanuatu Mission Mr. Andy Ayamiseba on + 678 40808 or 60651.
For general information on Human Rights issues contact Ms. Paula Makabory, the International Representative of Papua Institute of Human Rights Study and Advocacy, on: +61 402547517

PILAR-PILAR WPNCL HIMBAU PEMERINTAH INDONESIA

October 10, 2009

Rabu, 7 Oktober 2009
Media Release
PILAR-PILAR WPNCL HIMBAU PEMERINTAH INDONESIA
BERUNDING DENGAN RAKYAT PAPUA
WPNCL (West Papua Nasional Coalition For Liberation) atau “Koalisi Nasional Papua Barat Untuk Pembebasan”, telah dua kali melayangkan surat kepada Presiden Republik Indonesia pada tahun 2007 dan 2008, dalam rangka mengajak pemerintah Indonesia agar berunding dengan rakyat Papua. Namun hingga saat ini Presiden Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono belum menanggapinya. Sejak awal WPNCL telah berkomitmen untuk menggunakan cara-cara damai sebagai prinsip utama dalam menyelesaikan persoalan antara rakyat Papua dan pemerintah Indonesia. WPNCL mengganggap bahwa suatu perundingan yang setara dengan pemerintah Indonesia adalah salah satu langkah prioritas dalam menyelesaikan masalah Papua. Perundingan tersebut harus melibatkan pihak ketiga sebagai mediator, yang disetujui bersama oleh pemerintah Indonesia dan rakyat Papua.
Insiden penangkapan Sdr. Jonah Wenda selaku juru bicara Dewan Militer Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat (DM TPN-PB) dan sebagai aktivis WPNCL pada 6 September 2009 di Klamono Sorong, dan dipindahkan untuk ditahan di Kepolisian Daerah (Polda) Papua adalah suatu tindakan yang dapat menghambat upaya untuk mewujudkan perdamaian di Tanah Papua. Sdr. Jonah Wenda yang kemudian dibebaskan oleh Polda Papua itu sesungguhnya sedang melakukan aktivitas yang berkaitan erat dengan upaya konsolidasi dengan jaringan TPN-PB untuk mendorong proses penyelesaian damai konflik di Tanah Papua.
Sejak tahun 2002, Polda Papua telah bersepakat untuk bekerja sama dengan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua (DPRP) dan komponen masyarakat sipil di Papua untuk mewujudkan perdamaian di Tanah Papua. Komitmen tersebut tertuang dalam Rekomendasi Konferensi Perdamaian untuk Papua yang diselenggarakan di Jayapura pada 15 – 16 Oktober 2002.
Sejak Konferensi tersebut, komponen rakyat sipil telah membantuk gugus tugas (task force) perdamaian untuk Papua, yang melakukan sosialisasi dan rekonsiliasi dengan kelompok-kelompok rakyat sipil di Papua yang potensial menghambat upaya mewujudkan Papua sebagai Tanah Damai. Task force telah melakukan serangkaian pertemuan paralel dengan berbagai kelompok-kelompok rakyat sipil di Papua, termasuk kelompok Tentara Pembebasan Nasional (TPN) pada beberapa wilayah di Tanah Papua.
Selanjutnya dilakukan pertemuan kelompok “think-tank” yang melibatkan tokoh-tokoh Papua. Pertemuan tersebut dilaksanakan pada 16 – 20 Juni 2003 di Belanda, dan dihadiri oleh 23 intelektual Papua Barat. Pertemuan ini membahas tiga agenda utama, yaitu Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) dan Keadilan, Pembangunan dan Politik. Pertemuan ini dianggap belum mencerminkan representasi dari keseluruhan kelompok perlawanan rakyat Papua, sehingga direkomendasikan suatu pertemuan lebih luas agar dapat melibatkan seluruh pemimpin kelompok perlawanan, baik yang berada di Papua maupun di luar Papua.
Pertemuan-pertemuan paralel telah mendorong dilaksanakannya lokakarya untuk menghimpun seluruh masukan dari berbagai komponen rakyat yang menginginkan terwujudnya perdamaian di Tanah Papua. Lokakarya diselenggarakan di Jayapura sebanyak 2 kali. Lokakarya pertama pada 27 Oktober 2004, melahirkan kesepakatan tentang pentingnya suatu pertemuan tingkat tinggi para pemimpin Papua guna membicarakan kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam menyelesaikan konflik di Papua. Sedangkan lokakarya kedua pada 20 November 2004, memandang perlu diselenggarakan pertemuan bagi seluruh pemimpin organisasi sipil di Papua, sekaligus membahas masalah-masalah teknis yang meliputi agenda, tempat, peserta dan pembiayaan tentang pertemuan para pemimpin organisasi rakyat Papua.
Rekomendasi dari kedua lokakarya dimaksud, berbagai komponen rayat sipil di Tanah Papua memandang penting untuk melaksanakan pertemuan besar rakyat Papua yang meliputi komponen rakyat sipil di Tanah Papua dan di luar Tanah Papua. Pertemuan dimaksud dilaksanakan pada 28 November – 1 Desember 2005 di Papua New Guinea (PNG), yang melahirkan sejumlah keputusan, diantaranya: Membentuk wadah koordinasi nasional yang dinamakan Koalisi Nasional Papua Barat untuk Pembebasan atau West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL); Menetapkan kedudukan Sekretariat WPNCL di Port Villa – Vanuatu; menetapkan proses konsolidasi dan rekonsiliasi bagi faksi-faksi perlawanan rakyat Papua Barat. Dari 28 perwakilan organisasi perlawanan rakyat Papua Barat yang direncanakan hadir, hanya 18 organisasi yang berpartisipasi dalam pertemuan dimaksud.
Merujuk pada rekomendasi di atas, diselenggarakan pertemuan para Panglima Tentara Pembebasan Nasional pada 22 – 24 Juli 2006 di PNG, yang melahirkan sejumlah kesepakatan, diantaranya menegaskan tugas dan fungsi TPN-PB sebagai tentara revolusi yang melindungi segenap komponen Bangsa Papua Barat; memisahkan secara struktural TPN dari OPM, selanjutnya TPN hanya menjalankan peran dan tanggung jawab militer dalam masa revolusi; membentuk Dewan Militer sebagai Badan Koordinasi Tertinggi TPN-PB. Dalam pertemuan yang sama dideklarasikan komitmen untuk bekerja sama dalam membebaskan Bangsa dan Tanah Air Papua Barat; ajakan kepada setiap Panglima Komando TPN-PB untuk menyatukan pandangan, baik dalam hal program, strategi dan aksi, demi mencapai tujuan revolusi; mengakui dan menghargai prinsip-prinsip kemanusiaan yang berlaku secara universal; mendukung upaya menciptakan Papua sebagai Tanah Damai; menghimbau kepada para pemimpin organisasi perlawanan rakyat Papua Barat untuk bersatu; dan mengajak rakyat Papua Barat agar bekerja sama dalam mendukung proses persatuan Nasional.
Pertemuan lanjutan TPN-PB diselenggarakan 5 – 7 April 2007 di Markas Victoria, PNG. Pertemuan ini melahirkan sejumlah kesepakatan untuk meleburkan Komando TPN-PB yang meliputi Komando “Arfai 1965”, Komando “Marvic” dan Komando “Pemka” menjadi satu Komando yang disebut Komando Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, di bawah pengawasan dan tanggung jawab Dewan Militer TPN-PB; membentuk Dewan Militer Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat sebagai suatu forum pengambilan keputusan tertinggi bagi Komando TPN-PB; menetapkan Struktur Komando, dan pembagian wilayah kerja dari masing-masing Markas Komando Daerah TPN-PB; memilih dan memutuskan pejabat Dewan Militer TPN-PB beserta pejabat dalam perangkat struktur lainnya dibawah Dewan Militer TPN-PB. Dalam pertemuan yang sama dideklarasikan himbauan kepada rakyat Papua dan pihak lainnya tentang proses persatuan di lingkungan TPN-PB; peleburan Komando “Arfai 65”, Komando “Marvic” dan Komando “Pemka” ke dalam satu sistem Komando; tekad untuk menjalin kerja sama bilateral dan internasional guna menghambat perluasan jaringan kejahatan terorganisir seperti narkotika dan terorisme; sekaligus membentuk Dewan Militer Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat (DM TPN-PB) sebagai wadah representatif yang membawahi 6 Markas Komando TPN-PB yang tersebar di seluruh wilayah Papua Barat.
WPNCL selanjutnya melaksanakan Summit I pada 22 – 25 September 2007 di Malaysia yang melahirkan sejumlah kesepakatan, diantaranya WPNCL akan mengelola sebuah Sekretariat General yang berkedudukan di Port Villa – Vanuatu. Ditetapkan pula beberapa perangkat organisasi WPNCL yang meliputi Peraturan Dasar WPNCL, Peraturan Organisasi tentang Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, Peraturan Organisasi lainnya. Di samping itu, diputuskan juga satu delegasi Tim Negosiasi dengan mandat melakukan sosialisasi, mengajukan proposal perundingan kepada pemerintah Indonesia, termasuk melakukan perundingan dengan pemerintah Indonesia, yang dimediasi oleh pihak ketiga. Kemudian untuk menunjang kinerja dari WPNCL dan dalam upaya-upaya pengembangan perdamaian dan pencegahan konflik, dibentuk sebuah West Papua Peace Working Group (WPPWG) yang tersebar pada 4 region yaitu Asia, Eropa, Amerika dan Pasifik.
WPNCL melanjutkan Summit II pada 2 – 10 April 2008 di Port Vila – Vanuatu, yang mendapat dukungan politik resmi dari pemerintah Vanuatu. Summit II WPNCL melahirkan sebuah resolusi diantaranya mendesak pemerintah Indonesia untuk segera mengadakan perundingan internasional guna menyelesaikan konflik Papua Barat secara damai dan dimediasi oleh pihak ketiga yang netral, menghimbau masyarakat internasional agar mendesak pemerintah Indonesia supaya membuka akses jurnalis dan organisasi-organisasi internasional untuk masuk ke Papua.
TPN-PB sebagai salah satu pilar pendukung WPNCL berhasil menyelenggarakan Rapat Kerja Nasional I pada 29 – 31 Oktober 2008 di PNG, yang melahirkan sejumlah program bagi DM TPN-PB. Kemudian dilanjutkan dengan Rapat Kerja Nasional I WPNCL pada 4 – 8 Juni 2009 yang melahirkan sejumlah program dan arah kerja bagi WPNCL untuk periode kerja pertama.
Akhirnya kami percaya bahwa pemerintahan Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY), memiliki komitmen yang baik untuk menyelesaikan masalah Papua secara damai. Oleh karenanya, SBY dapat segera membuka komunikasi politik dengan WPNCL dalam rangka menyiapkan langkah-langkah menuju perundingan damai yang setara, bermartabat dan demokratis.

Untuk penjelasan lebih rinci, hubungi Rex Rumakiek, Sekretaris Jenderal lewat +61 414247468
atau Wakil Ketua WPNCL, Dr. John Ondawame on +678 439759026 atau Vanuatu Mission, Saudara Andy Ayamiseba, melalui: + 678 40808 or 60651.
Untuk hal-hal tentang hak-hak asasi secara umum bisa hubungi Ms. Paula Makabory, Perwakilan Internasional Papua Institute of Human Rights Study and Advocacy, melalui: +61 402547517.

National Liberation Army (TPN/PB) Spokesperson Arrested in West Papua

September 14, 2009

Media Alert

Sunday 13 September 2009

National Liberation Army (TPN/PB) Spokesperson Arrested in West Papua

A peaceful resolution to West Papua’s long-standing conflict with Indonesia has suffered a serious set-back with the arrest by Indonesian authorities of leading pro-peace activist Jonah Wenda.

Mr Wenda was detained in Sele District, Sorong Regency, in the western part of West Papua, on 6 September, and was formally arrested on 11 September on the grounds of being investigated for subversion (makar) at Papua Regional Police (POLDA) in Jayapura, Papua.

Mr Wenda is a spokesperson for the military wing of the West Papua liberation movement, the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPN-PB, or Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, formerly known as TPN/OPM).

However, despite working for peace, Mr Wenda is now being held pending being charged with undermining the Security of the State (subversion).

Australian-based spokesperson for the WPPWG (West Papua Peace Working Group, formerly known as West Papua Peace Task Force), Ms Paula Makabory (footnote 1) , described the arrest of Mr Wenda as a serious set-back to finding a peaceful resolution to the continuing troubles in West Papua. She said: ‘Mr Wenda has been working for the past three years with the West Papua Peace Working group to bring about a cessation of hostilities between the forces of the Republic of Indonesian and the indigenous people of West Papua’.

Paula Makabory said: ‘To this end, the West Papua Peace Working Group and Jonah Wenda have facilitated the formation of unified West Papuan political and civil society umbrella organisation called the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL).

’The WPNCL, which includes representatives of the TPN-PB, has expressly sought to commence peaceful dialogue with the Indonesian President and the Republic of Indonesian over issues of the political control and administration of West Papua as a remedy to the impacts of Indonesian Government policies on the West Papuan people.”

”Jonah Wenda has been acting for past two years as ‘media spokesperson’ for the TPN-PB in West Papua. In this role he has meet with the TPN-PB military commanders throughout West Papua to gain support for peaceful negotiation with the Republic of Indonesia. Jonah Wenda plays an important part of the movement to unite West Papuan resistance groups and support them to pursue a strategy of non-violent political change. “

The TPN-PB (or as the TPN/OPM) has been fighting a war of succession in West Papua since Indonesia took control of the territory in 1963.

West Papuan grievances include, disputing the way the territory was incorporated into the Republic of Indonesia during the 1960s, traditional land rights and resource rights and control; widespread killings, human rights violations and abuse by the security forces; unregulated migration; impacts of large scale resource exploitation particularly mining, logging and plantation establishment; economic disadvantage through a development and civil policy that does not benefit indigenous land owners; environmental destruction; political repression, institutional racism and discrimination.

After East Timor achieved independence in 1999 and the conflict in Aceh was resolved through an international peace accord in 2005, West Papua remains Indonesia’s largest unresolved territorial dispute.

For further information, please contact:

Paula Makabory on +61(0)402547517;

Steve Waramory/Defense Lawyer on (+62) (0)85254831555;

Chris Warinussy/Defense Lawyer on (+62) (0) 81344694500

Photo available at https://ipahr.wordpress.com/2009/09/14/jonah-wenda/

INSTITUTE FOR PAPUAN ADVOCACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS (IPAHR)
PO Box 1805
Byron Bay, NSW 2481
Australia
Tel Matthew Jamieson +61 (0) 418291998

1/ Paula Makabory is a board member of Institute for Papuan Advocacy & Human Rights and is spokesperson for West Papua Peace Working Group and the Human Rights organisation Els-ham West Papua.

Jonah Wenda

September 14, 2009

Photo Jonah Wendajonah wenda 08

SUSPECTED MURDER OF OPINUS TABUNI BY INDONESIAN MILITARY OR INTEL NOT ACTIONED

August 11, 2009

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
PUBLIC STATEMENT

10 August 2008

Indonesia: No progress by police investigation into killing of peaceful Papuan protester

The failure to resolve the killing of Papuan protester Opinus Tabuni, one year after the incident, highlights the continued lack of accountability in cases involving the lethal use of firearms by law enforcement officials.

Opinus Tabuni, aged 35, was part of a peaceful rally celebrating United Nations Indigenous People’s Day on 9 August 2008 in Wamena, Papua province. Also present was the Indonesian police and other security forces. At the end of the rally some members of the crowd raised the United Nations flag, the Indonesian flag, an SOS flag saying Papuan people are in danger and the banned ‘Morning Star’ flag, regarded by Indonesian authorities as a symbol of the Papuan separatist movement.

According to reports, the police responded by using live ammunition to fire warning shots and attempted to remove the flag. Opinus Tabuni was discovered dead by members of the crowd with a bullet wound clearly visible on his chest.

In September 2008, an investigation team formed by the Jakarta branch of the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) discovered from the autopsy report that the bullet found in Tabuni’s rib cage was a military bullet. However, since then, family members of Opinus Tabuni have not received any information on the investigations and have been unable to meet the Head of the Regional Police in Papua Province to seek updates on the case.

Amnesty International calls on the Indonesian authorities to ensure a prompt, impartial, independent and transparent investigation to determine how it is that a peaceful protester was shot to death. Those responsible for Opinus Tabuni’s death should be held accountable and the government must ensure his family and dependents receive adequate reparations for their loss.

The police must also ensure that law enforcement officials in Papua apply non-violent means in carrying out their duties and only use force as a last resort, when strictly necessary. These principles, enshrined in international standards such as the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials and the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, have also been included in the recent Regulation No. 8 of the Police Chief, signed in June 2009.

Amnesty International also calls on the President and Parliament to set up an independent police complaints mechanism which can supervise and manage investigations conducted by the police. Such a mechanism should also be allowed to carry out their own investigations, particularly in cases where excessive or lethal force has led to injury or death.

Background

Papua, Indonesia’s eastern-most province, has witnessed increased violence in recent months. Three people have been killed, and more than a dozen wounded in a series of incidents near the Freeport gold and copper mine in recent weeks. In April, five people were killed in a series of incidents around the parliamentary elections.

In 2009, Amnesty International continued to document disproportionate and excessive use of force by the police during demonstrations in Papua. On 3 April 2009, police opened fire on a protest demonstration in Nabire, calling for the boycott of upcoming parliamentary elections and investigations into past human rights violations in Papua, injuring at least seven people. On 29 January 2009, also in Nabire, police violently dispersed a demonstration calling for local elections to be held. Police kicked and beat the demonstrators with rattan sticks and rifle butts. Rubber bullets were also used, injuring at least five people. Amnesty International is not aware of any investigation into these incidents.

Amnesty International considers all those who have been detained solely for peacefully displaying the ‘Morning Star’ flag to be prisoners of conscience who should be immediately and unconditionally released.

WEST PAPUAN LEADERS ARE DISAPPOINTED WITH THE RESULT OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FORUM MEETING

August 7, 2009

WEST PAPUAN LEADERS ARE DISAPPOINTED WITH
THE RESULT OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FORUM MEETING

Leaders of the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation were in Cairns North Queensland to push hard for the PIF to grant West Papua Observer Status and also for the forum to discuss many other issues affecting West Papuan people. Meanwhile more human violations are occurring. PIF should never fail to address the issue of West Papua. After all PIF was established to address all the issues affecting the Pacific community, political or otherwise. It is important that leaders of the PIF raise these concerns in order to prevent further violence. Turning away from it will only make it worse. Prior to the PIF meeting they have taken part in a Civil Society Forum on Climate Change where all these issues were discussed and linked as inseparable part of climate change.

Vice Chairman of the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation, Dr. Otto Ondawame stated the coalition is not happy at all about the way the PIF treated West Papua. “This is hypocrisy; how could they concern themselves about human right and democracy issues in other parts of the world but ignore what is happening next door he asked? By not protesting or even mentioning the violence in West Papua you are infect encourage it to continue”, he said.

The PIF had clearly stated its concerns about the situation in West Papua during its 37th forum meeting in Fiji. We would have hoped that the PIF be consistent with its concerns because the situation is not improving at all. “Regardless of this setback our Coalition will continue to work for a peaceful and dignified solution to the West Papuan issue. We will never stop until once again we become part of the Pacific community as we were when we were member of the South Pacific Commission from 1947 – 1962”, said Mr. Rex Rumakiek, the Secretary General of the WPNCL.

For more information contact: Dr. John Ondawame, on 0439759026 and Rex Rumakiek on 0414247468.

WEST PAPUA NATIONAL COALITION FOR LIBERATION
P.O. Box 1571, Port Vila, Republic of Vanuatu, ph: + 678 40808; +61414247468; +61439759026
E-mail: morningstar@vanuatu.com.vu, awulkeweng@yahoo.com, rexruma@hotmail.com

Four Papuans killed by crack troops. Messianic movement promises freedom for Papua

July 10, 2009

Received from Synod of Christian Evangelical Churches (GKI) in Papua, 7 July 2009
Abridged in translation by TAPOL

Clash in Kapeso leaves four Papuans dead

Following negotiations which failed to convince TPN/OPM koreri (messianic) leaders Decky Imbiri and Nella Yensenem to pull down the Morning Star flags that had been raised in April, troops of Densus 88 (the crack anti-terrorist unit) became involved in a clash with followers of these two who were armed with nothing more than bows and arrows.

This clash between forces with very disparate equipment resulted in the deaths of three Papuans, while eighteen followers of Decky escaped.

Before the Densus unit launched its attack, a Team of local leaders, including the bupati, community leaders and representatives of the GKI and many other churches, had left the coast aboard fifteen boats and sail towards Kapeso, intending to meet up with kampung residents who wanted to return home.

The Team docked 12 kms from Kapeso and waited for the people who wanted to return home. Unbeknown to the team, a speed boat with five people on board entered the Swandi River estuary which leads to Kapeso, intending to carry out traditional rites. All of a sudden, one of them, Benny Suromaja from Kosanaweja kampung was shot bead by an unidentified person who had been hiding in the nearby forest. The victim was carried back home but died later that afternoon.

After hearing all the shooting, 200 troops based nearby quickly took action. Densus 88 troops were ordered to go by police patrol boats to Kapeso where clashes had occurred between men armed with bows and arrows and heavily armed Densus 88 troops.who later said that their equipment had come from abroad.

Kapeso kampung is now occupied by security forces while the roughly one hundred inhabitants have fled to an unknown destination. Reports have been received of many more people being killed by Densus 88 troops, but as yet, the GKI has only been able to identify four of the victims by name. (Names given.)

Background

This Kapeso incident followed the arrival of an elderly woman Nella Yensenam who arrived in Kapseo on 27 November 2007. She claimed to have been ordered by God to create a Kingdom of God on Papuan soil and she anointed a local man Musa Kawena to lead the people across the Mamberamo River, renamed the River of Jordan, into the Promised Land. They set up a church where prayers were led by Nella Yensenem. Attempts by the local cleric to persuade them to leave the church were unsuccessful.

On 3 April, 18 followers of Decky Imbiri joined forces with Nella Yensenem saying that they would lead the Papuans across the Jordan. A month later, they said that they saw signs that would lead them to the United Nations in New York. These were the signs that motivated the people of Kapeso to raise flags on the Kapeso airstrip.

On 21 May, Rev AlberthYoku, the secretary of the GKI synod and other church leaders held talks with Decky Imbiri trying to convince him not to deceive the people into believing that raising the flag would mean that Papua would be free. Such efforts were unwise because people have raised the Morning Star flag on many occasions, many of whom have been killed.

This is a abridged translation of a report prepared by the GKI Church Synod in Papua and translated by TAPOL in the UK